Amethyst, February birthstone stone

Since ancient times, a precious stone has been linked to each month of the year. Thus, everyone born in a certain month identifies with a specific gemstone because of its associated qualities.
The stone of the month for February is Amethyst.
This gem has undoubted character. This variety of quartz was once highly prized and often valued above ruby ​​and emerald. In fact, amethyst was known in the ancient world as one of the five cardinal gemstones: diamond, emerald, ruby, sapphire and amethyst.
The ancient Greeks attributed to it the power to maintain sobriety in the face of excess and intoxication: " Amethystos" is the Greek form for "sober" because it was believed that whoever wore this stone was protected from drunkenness and instability.
Amethyst was the favorite stone of one of the greatest personalities of the time of the Enlightenment, Catherine the Great, empress of Russia for more than 30 years and promoter of the arts, culture, medicine and education that she brought from Europe to the steppes of his homeland. And for centuries, amethyst could only be worn by royalty, it was a stone linked to power.

Today, the most important amethyst deposits are found in Brazil and Uruguay and most of the world's supply comes from those mines.

Other locations for major commercial amethyst producers include Bolivia, Tanzania, and Zambia, but February birthstones can be found all over the world.

As a variety of quartz, amethyst is considered a hard gemstone. It is rated 7 out of 10 on the Mohs hardness scale, with ten being the hardest (diamond).

This is an important distinction because only gemstones and other materials higher than 7 can scratch amethyst.

Amethyst has good toughness and is very stable, although it should not be subjected to sudden changes in temperature, which can cause fractures; or prolonged exposure to strong light, which may cause colors to fade. Additionally, it can be damaged by alkaline solutions such as bleach and metal polishes.

Amethyst is considered a durable gemstone that is appropriate for all jewelry styles.

As with all jewelry, especially crystals like amethyst, it is important to remember that they can chip or break; Therefore, it is recommended to take proper care when using or cleaning them.

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